Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) 1, 2

I. General requirements. If your son is enrolled at Cathedral High School, he will earn one-half unit of credit for
successful completion of this course in Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics.

II. Introduction.

     A. In Government, the focus is on the principles and beliefs upon which the United States was founded and on the
     structure, functions, and powers of government at the national, state, and local levels. This course is the culmination of
     the civic and governmental content and concepts studied by your son from Kindergarten through his senior year at
     Cathedral High School. Students learn major political ideas and forms of government in history. A significant focus of the
     course in Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics is on the United States Constitution, its underlying
     principles and ideas, and the form of government it created. Your son will analyze major concepts of republicanism,
     federalism, checks and balances, separation of powers, popular sovereignty, and individual rights and will compare the
     U.S. system of government with other political systems. He will learn to identify the role of government in the U.S. free
     enterprise system and examine the strategic importance of places to the United States. Your son will learn to analyze the
     impact of individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media on the American political system, evaluate the
     importance of voluntary individual participation in a democratic society, and analyze the rights guaranteed by the United
     States Constitution. In addition, he will examine the relationship between governmental policies and the culture of the
     United States, identify examples of government policies that encourage scientific research and develop the necessary
     critical-thinking skills to create a product on a contemporary government issue.

     B. To support the teaching of the essential knowledge and skills, the use of a variety of rich primary and secondary
     source material such as the complete text of the United States Constitution; selected Federalist Papers; landmark cases
     of the U.S. Supreme Court; biographies, autobiographies, and memoirs; speeches and letters; and periodicals that
     feature analyses of political issues and events are extensively incorporated into the course curriculum.

     C. The strands of the essential knowledge and skills for social studies are intended to be integrated for instructional
     purposes. Skills listed in the geography and social studies skills strands are incorporated into the teaching of all essential
     knowledge and skills for social studies. It is the belief of the Social Studies Department at Cathedral High School that a
     greater depth of understanding of complex content material can be attained when social studies content is integrated from
     the various disciplines and critical-thinking skills are taught together.  In addition, Gospel Values and the Church
     Teachings have been interegrated into the curriculum, where appropriate.

     D. Throughout the years that your son has been enrolled in social studies courses, he has built a foundation in history;
     geography; economics; government; citizenship; culture; science, technology, and society; and social studies skills. The
     content should have enabled him to understand the importance of patriotism, the function in a free enterprise society, and
     develop a deep appreciation for the basic democratic values of the State of Texas and the United States, as referenced
     in the Texas Education Code, §28.002(h).

III. Knowledge and Skills Developed in the Study of Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics.
 
Knowledge
Skills
Resources/Activities

A. Historical Context
1. The student understands major political ideas and forms of government in history. The student is expected to:  a. explain major political ideas in history such as natural law, natural rights, divine right of kings, and social contract theory; and  Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays
 
b. identify the characteristics of classic forms of government such as absolute monarchy, authoritarianism, classical republic, despotism, feudalism, liberal democracy, and totalitarianism. Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays
 
2.  The student understands how constitutional government, as developed in the United States, has been influenced by people, ideas, and historical documents. The student is expected to: a. analyze the principles and ideas that underlie the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, including those of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Charles de Montesquieu; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
b. analyze the contributions of the political philosophies of the Founding Fathers, including John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison, on the development of the U.S. government; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
c. analyze debates and compromises necessary to reach political decisions using historical documents;  Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
d.  identify significant individuals in the field of government and politics, including George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and selected contemporary leaders. Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
3. The student understands the roles played by individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media in the U.S. political system, past and present. The student is expected to:  a. give examples of the processes used by individuals, political parties, interest groups, or the media to affect public policy; and  Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 7: The Media and American Politics
     Chapter 7 Key Terms
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Internet Project
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 7 Electronic Test
     Chapter 7 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

b. analyze the impact of political changes brought about by individuals, political parties, interest groups, or the media, past and present. Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 7: The Media and American Politics
     Chapter 7 Key Terms
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Internet Project
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 7 Electronic Test
     Chapter 7 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

B. Geographical Context
 
1. The student understands why certain places and regions are important to the United States. The student is expected to:  a. analyze the political significance to the United States of the location and geographic characteristics of selected places or regions such as Cuba and Taiwan;  Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays
 
b. analyze the economic significance to the United States of the location and geographic characteristics of selected places and regions such as oil fields in the Middle East. Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays
 
2. The student understands how government policies can affect the physical and human characteristics of places and regions. The student is expected to: a. analyze and evaluate the consequences of a government policy that affects the physical characteristics of a place or region; Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays

Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 

b. analyze and evaluate the consequences of a government policy that affects the human characteristics of a place or region. Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays

Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 

C. Economic Context
 
1. The student understands the roles played by local, state, and national governments in both the public and private sectors of the U.S. free enterprise system. The student is expected to:  a. analyze government policies that influence the economy at the local, state, and national levels;  Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 
b. identify the sources of revenue and expenditures of the U. S. government and analyze their impact on the U.S. economy;  Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 
c. compare the role of government in the U.S. free enterprise system and other economic systems. Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 
2. The student understands the relationship between U.S. government policies and international trade. The student is expected to:  a. explain the effects of international trade on U.S. economic and political policies;  Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays

Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 

b. explain the government's role in setting international trade policies Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays

Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 

D. Governmental Context
 
1. The student understands the American beliefs and principles reflected in the United States Constitution. The student is expected to:  a. explain the importance of a written constitution; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
b. evaluate how the federal government serves the purposes set forth in the Preamble to the United States Constitution; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 

c. analyze how the Federalist Papers explain the principles of the American constitutional system of
government; 
Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
d. evaluate constitutional provisions for limiting the role of government, including republicanism, checks and
balances, federalism , separation of powers, popular sovereignty, and individual rights; 
Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 

e. analyze the processes by which the United States Constitution can be changed and evaluate their
effectiveness; 
Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
f. analyze how the American beliefs and principles reflected in the United States Constitution contribute to
our national identity. 
Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
2. The student understands the structure and functions of the government created by the United States Constitution. The student is expected to: a. analyze the structure and functions of the legislative branch of government, including the bicameral
structure of Congress, the role of committees, and the procedure for enacting laws;
Chapter 13: The Congress
     Chapter 13 Key Terms
     Chapter 13 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 13 Internet Project
     Chapter 13 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 13 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 13 Electronic Test
     Chapter 13 Essays
 
b. analyze the structure and functions of the executive branch of government, including the constitutional powers of the president, the growth of presidential power, and the role of the Cabinet and executive departments; Chapter 11: The President
     Chapter 11 Key Terms
     Chapter 11 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 11 Internet Project
     Chapter 11 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 11 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 11 Electronic Test
     Chapter 11 Essays
 
c. analyze the structure and functions of the judicial branch of government, including the federal court system and types of jurisdiction;  Chapter 14: The Judiciary
     Chapter 14 Key Terms
     Chapter 14 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 14 Internet Project
     Chapter 14 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 14 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 14 Electronic Test
     Chapter 14 Essays
 
d. analyze the functions of selected independent executive agencies and regulatory commissions such as the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Federal Communications Commission; 
Chapter 12: The Bureaucracy
     Chapter 12 Key Terms
     Chapter 12 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 12 Internet Project
     Chapter 12 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 12 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 12 Electronic Test
     Chapter 12 Essays
 
e. explain how certain provisions of the United States Constitution provide for checks and balances among the three branches of government; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays
 
f. analyze selected issues raised by judicial activism and judicial restraint; Chapter 14: The Judiciary
     Chapter 14 Key Terms
     Chapter 14 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 14 Internet Project
     Chapter 14 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 14 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 14 Electronic Test
     Chapter 14 Essays
 
g. explain the major responsibilities of the federal government for domestic and foreign policy; Chapter 15:  Foreign Policy and National Security
     Chapter 15 Key Terms
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Internet Project
     Chapter 15 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 15 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 15 Electronic Test
     Chapter 15 Essays

Chapter 16:  Government and the Economy
     Chapter 16 Key Terms
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Internet Project
     Chapter 16 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 16 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 16 Electronic Test
     Chapter 16 Essays
 

h. compare the structure and functions of the Texas state government to the federal system;  Chapter 18: State and Local Government
     Chapter 18 Key Terms
     Chapter 18 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 18 Internet Project
     Chapter 18 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 18 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 18 Electronic Test
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
i. analyze the structure and functions of local government. Chapter 18: State and Local Government
     Chapter 18 Key Terms
     Chapter 18 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 18 Internet Project
     Chapter 18 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 18 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 18 Electronic Test
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
3. The student understands the concept of federalism. The student is expected to:  a. explain why the Framers created a distinctly new form of federalism and adopted a federal system of
government instead of a unitary system; 
Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 
b. categorize government powers as national, state, or shared;  Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 
c. analyze historical conflicts over the respective roles of national and state governments;  Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 
d. evaluate the limits on the national and state governments in the U.S. federal system of government. Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 
4. The student understands the processes for filling public offices in the U.S. system of government. The student is expected to: a. compare different methods of filling public offices, including elected and appointed offices, at the local,
state, and national levels; 
Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

b. analyze and evaluate the process of electing the President of the United States. Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays

Chapter 11: The President
     Chapter 11 Key Terms
     Chapter 11 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 11 Internet Project
     Chapter 11 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 11 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 11 Electronic Test
     Chapter 11 Essays
 

5. The student understands the role of political parties in the U.S. system of government. The student is expected to: a. identify the functions of political parties; Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

b. analyze the two-party system and evaluate the role of third parties in the United States; Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

c. analyze the role of political parties in the electoral process at local, state, and national levels; Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

d. identify opportunities for citizens to participate in political party activities at local, state, and national
levels.
Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

6. The student understands the similarities and differences that exist among the U.S. system of government and other political systems. The student is expected to: a. compare the U.S. system of government with other political systems;  Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays
 
b. analyze advantages and disadvantages of federal, confederate, and unitary systems of government;  Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays
 
c. analyze advantages and disadvantages of presidential and parliamentary systems of government.  Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays
 

E. Citizenship
 
1. The student understands rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution. The student is expected to:  a. understand the roles of limited government and the rule of law to the protection of individual rights; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 5: The Struggle for Equal Rights
     Chapter 5 Key Terms
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Internet Project
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 5 Electronic Test
     Chapter 5 Essays
 

b. analyze the rights guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, including first amendment freedoms; Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Citizenship
     Chapter 4 Key Terms
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Internet Project
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 4 Electronic Test
     Chapter 4 Essays
 
c. analyze issues addressed in selected cases such as Engel v. Vitale, Miranda v. Arizona, and Schenck v. United States that involve Supreme Court interpretations of rights guaranteed by the United States Constitution;  Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Citizenship
     Chapter 4 Key Terms
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Internet Project
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 4 Electronic Test
     Chapter 4 Essays
 
d. analyze the role of each branch of government in protecting the rights of individuals;  Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Citizenship
     Chapter 4 Key Terms
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Internet Project
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 4 Electronic Test
     Chapter 4 Essays
 
e. explain the importance of due process rights to the protection of individual rights and to the limits on the powers of government; Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 5: The Struggle for Equal Rights
     Chapter 5 Key Terms
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Internet Project
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 5 Electronic Test
     Chapter 5 Essays
 

f. analyze the impact of the incorporation doctrine involving due process and the Bill of Rights on individual rights, federalism, and majority rule.  Chapter 3: The Federal System
     Chapter 3 Key Terms
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Internet Project
     Chapter 3 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 3 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 3 Electronic Test
     Chapter 3 Essays
 
2. The student understands the difference between personal and civic responsibilities. The student is expected to: a. explain the difference between personal and civic responsibilities; Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
b. evaluate whether and/or when the obligation of citizenship requires that personal desires and interests be
subordinated to the public good;
Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
c. evaluate whether and/or when the rights of individuals are inviolable even against claims for the public
good; 
Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter 5: The Struggle for Equal Rights
     Chapter 5 Key Terms
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Internet Project
     Chapter 5 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 5 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 5 Electronic Test
     Chapter 5 Essays
 

d. analyze the consequences of political decisions and actions on society.  Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays

Chapter 9: Political Campaigns and Candidates
     Chapter 9 Key Terms
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Internet Project
     Chapter 9 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 9 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 9 Electronic Test
     Chapter 9 Essays
 

3. The student understands the importance of voluntary individual participation in the U.S. democratic society.  The student is expected to:  a. analyze the effectiveness of various methods of participation in the political process at local, state, and national levels;  Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 7: The Media and American Politics
     Chapter 7 Key Terms
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Internet Project
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 7 Electronic Test
     Chapter 7 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

b. analyze historical and contemporary examples of citizen movements to bring about political change or to maintain continuity; Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 7: The Media and American Politics
     Chapter 7 Key Terms
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Internet Project
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 7 Electronic Test
     Chapter 7 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

c. analyze the factors that influence an individual's political attitudes and actions; and  Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 7: The Media and American Politics
     Chapter 7 Key Terms
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Internet Project
     Chapter 7 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 7 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 7 Electronic Test
     Chapter 7 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

d. compare and evaluate characteristics, style, and effectiveness of state and national leaders, past and present. Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 
4. The student understands the importance of the expression of different points of view in a democratic society.  The student is expected to: a. analyze different points of view of political parties and interest groups on important contemporary issues; Chapter 6: Public Opinion and Interest Groups
     Chapter 6 Key Terms
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Internet Project
     Chapter 6 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 6 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 6 Electronic Test
     Chapter 6 Essays

Chapter 8: Political Parties
     Chapter 8 Key Terms
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Internet Project
     Chapter 8 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 8 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 8 Electronic Test
     Chapter 8 Essays
 

b. analyze the importance of free speech and press in a democratic society;  Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Citizenship
     Chapter 4 Key Terms
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Internet Project
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 4 Electronic Test
     Chapter 4 Essays
 
c. express and defend a point of view on an issue of contemporary interest in the United States. Chapter 4: Civil Liberties and Citizenship
     Chapter 4 Key Terms
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Internet Project
     Chapter 4 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 4 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 4 Electronic Test
     Chapter 4 Essays
 

F. Cultural Context
 
1. The student understands the relationship between government policies and the culture of the United States. The student is expected to: a. evaluate a political policy or decision in the United States that was a result of changes in American
culture; 
Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
b. analyze changes in American culture brought about by government policies such as voting rights, the GI
bill, and racial integration; 
Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
c. describe an example of a government policy that has affected a particular racial, ethnic, or religious
group. 
Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 

G. Scientific, Technological, and Societal Context
 
1. The student understands the role the government plays in developing policies and establishing conditions that influence scientific discoveries and technological innovations. The student is expected to:  a. identify examples of government-assisted research that, when shared with the private sector, have resulted in improved consumer products such as computer and communication technologies;  Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
b. analyze how U.S. government policies fostering competition and entrepreneurship have resulted in
scientific discoveries and technological innovations. 
Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
2. The student understands the impact of advances in science and technology on government and society. The student is expected to: a. analyze the potential impact on society of recent scientific discoveries and technological innovations;  Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 
b. analyze the reaction of government to scientific discoveries and technological innovations. 
 
 

 

Chapter 17: Promoting the General Welfare
     Chapter 17 Key Terms
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Internet Project
     Chapter 17 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 17 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 17 Electronic Test
     Chapter 17 Essays
 

H. General Social Studies Skills
 
1. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of sources including electronic technology. The student is expected to:  a. analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions; Use of the Internet, as assigned
b. create a product on a contemporary government issue or topic using critical methods of inquiry;  Use of the Internet, as assigned
c. explain a point of view on a government issue;  Use of the Internet, as assigned
d. analyze and evaluate the validity of information from primary and secondary sources for bias,
propaganda, point of view, and frame of reference; 
Use of the Internet, as assigned
e. evaluate government data using charts, tables, graphs, and maps;  Use of the Internet, as assigned
f. use appropriate mathematical skills to interpret social studies information such as maps and graphs. Use of the Internet, as assigned
2. The student communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. The student is expected to: a. use social studies terminology correctly;  Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
b. use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, and punctuation;  Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
c. transfer information from one medium to another, including written to visual and statistical to written or
visual, using computer software as appropriate; 
Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
d. create written, oral, and visual presentations of social studies information. Use of Internet, as assigned
3. The student uses problem-solving and decision-making skills, working independently and with others, in a
variety of settings. The student is expected to: 
a. use a problem-solving process to identify a problem, gather information, list and consider options, consider advantages and disadvantages, choose and implement a solution, and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution;  Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
b. use a decision-making process to identify a situation that requires a decision, gather information, identify
options, predict consequences, and take action to implement a decision. 
Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 

I.  Gospel Values and Catholic Church
 
1.  The student understands the role of the Church in the political order.  The student is expected to: a.  explain the role of the Church to promote and defend human rights and human dignity Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
b.  demonstrate and give examples of using a consistent ethic of life as a moral framework for addressing all issues in the political arena. Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays
 
2.  The student understands that the Church's call to political responsibility is an essential element of the Catholic faith.  The student is expected to: a.  explain and give examples of how the call to political responsibility is an essential element of the Catholic faith.  Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays

Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays

Use of Internet, as assigned
 

3.  The student understands the teachings of the Catholic Church which are essential to the content of a course in Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics.  The student is expected to: a.  list and explain the six basic principles of Catholic social teaching:  life and dignity of the human person, human rights and responsibilities, the call to family and community, the dignity of work and the rights of workers, the option for the poor, and solidarity. Chapter 1: Government and the People
     Chapter 1 Key Terms
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Internet Project
     Chapter 1 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 1 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 1 Electronic Test
     Chapter 1 Essays

Chapter 2: The Constitutional Framework
     Chapter 2 Key Terms
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Internet Project
     Chapter 2 Collateral Reading
     Chapter 2 Electronic Assign.
     Chapter 2 Electronic Test
     Chapter 2 Essays

Chapter Essays
     Chapter 1 Essays
     Chapter 2 Essays
     Chapter 3 Essays
     Chapter 4 Essays
     Chapter 5 Essays
     Chapter 6 Essays
     Chapter 7 Essays
     Chapter 8 Essays
     Chapter 9 Essays
     Chapter 10 Essays
     Chapter 11 Essays
     Chapter 12 Essays
     Chapter 13 Essays
     Chapter 14 Essays
     Chapter 15 Essays
     Chapter 16 Essays
     Chapter 17 Essays
     Chapter 18 Essays

Use of Internet, as assigned


1 Content requirements for Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics, in general, are prescribed in the College Board Publication Advanced Placement Course in U.S. Government and Politics, published by The College Board.  The content requirements for the course in Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics at Cathedral High School reflect those as prescribed by the College Board, and have been further adapted and significantly enhanced from Subchapter C, §28.002, Texas Education Code, Texas Education Agency, Essential Elements for United States Government, Social Studies, Government, §113.35 effective September 1, 1998, 22 Tex.Reg 7684.


Textbook: Cummings, Milton C. and Wise, David, Democracy Under Pressure: An Introduction to the American Political System. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1997.  Primary Reader: Woll, Peter, American Government, Readings and Cases, New York, NY; HarperCollins College Publishers, 1996. Secondary Reader (Fall 2000): Kessler, Ronald, Inside the White House, New York, NY; Pocket Books (Simon & Shuster, Inc), 1996.  Secondary Reader (Spring 2001): Kessler, Ronald, Inside Capitol Hill, New York, NY; Pocket Books (Simon & Shuster, Inc), 1996. Computer applications, in particular Microsoft Powerpoint®, Microsoft Access®, Microsoft Excel®, Adobe Acrobat®. Use of the Internet, as assigned

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Chief Justice Richard Barajas
Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics
Cathedral High School, El Paso, Texas
Last updated:   October 7, 2000